Americans planning international travel will need to factor in a new rule that will require a negative Covid-19 test in order to board a flight back to the United States. Even with that requirement, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is continuing to ask Americans not to travel, and if they do, to get additional testing after they return.
The rule going into effect on Jan. 26 will require all travelers over age 2 to produce a negative Covid-19 test result taken within the previous three days, or to show proof of having recovered from the virus in the previous three months, in order to board a flight to the United States.
The requirement will help make travel safer, but it will complicate logistics. Some countries, like Albania, only allow testing for those who have symptoms. And, if a flight delay pushes the departure beyond the three-day window for a valid testing result, the passenger will need to be retested.
The C.D.C. is also asking travelers to other countries to get tested one to three days before their departure flight, and to be tested three to five days after they return to the United States. It also asks people to stay home for seven days, even with a negative result. People who don’t want to be tested are asked to stay home for 10 days (14 with known exposure).
Those wanting to learn about restrictions and the prevalence of the coronavirus in specific countries can go to the State Department’s website, or the C.D.C. website, where different and sometimes contradictory four-tier ranking systems provide information. Recommendations for safer and smoother air travel are available from the State Department website.
While Americans continue to be barred from many countries, including much of Europe, here is a list of countries, in alphabetical order, that as of Jan. 14 were open to U.S. citizens, or were expected to open soon.
Americans are allowed to enter. No coronavirus test is needed and there are no quarantine requirements, according to the U.S. Embassy in Albania.
Anguilla is allowing limited entry to some pre-approved travelers with testing and a quarantine period. All visitors must have a negative PCR test taken three to five days before departure. Another test will be given on arrival, and visitors from the United States must quarantine for 14 days with some use of hotel amenities and certain “Safe Environment” certified restaurants and activities. A third test must be negative before they can move about freely. Those staying for shorter periods are allowed limited movement, to Safe Environment providers.
Air travelers over age 12 must complete a Health Declaration Form and a traveler accommodation form, and must provide a certificate of a negative RT-PCR coronavirus test taken within seven days of arrival, even if they are just transiting. Visitors may be required to undergo additional testing on arrival or at their hotel, at a cost of $100. Travelers should self-monitor for Covid-19 symptoms for up to 14 days.
Travelers are asked to present the results of a negative PCR test taken in the 72 hours before arrival. Alternatively, visitors can get a $40 test at the airport, and quarantine until the results are available, usually within 24 hours. Those with symptoms must self quarantine for 14 days.
Visitors over age 10 must upload proof of a negative PCR test taken no more than five days before arrival and request a mandatory Travel Health Visa. The visa, which costs $40 to $60 depending on the length of the vacation, takes three days to process, so travelers should plan accordingly. Once in the Bahamas, on the fifth day of vacation, the traveler must take a rapid coronavirus test, unless it’s the day of departure. Visitors must agree to mandatory Covid-19 health insurance when applying for the visa.
On each day of their visit, travelers must complete an online health questionnaire that asks about potential symptoms.
People can transit through New Providence to an Out Island, but those island-hopping after time in New Providence will have to quarantine for 14 days or the duration of their stay, whichever is shorter.
People over age 5 from high-risk countries like the United States must have proof of a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours of arrival. That information is used to fill out an online immigration and customs form, and a copy of the test result should be taken on the trip. After landing, visitors must be transported via a specially trained provider to their pre-approved hotel, resort or villa, where they will be confined to limited areas of the grounds. Five days after the test taken in their home countries, travelers will be retested. Results will generally take about 24 to 48 hours, and if they are negative, the visitor may leave the property. However, as of Jan. 12 a backlog was delaying the turnaround time.
Americans are allowed to enter. No coronavirus test is needed and there are no quarantine requirements, according to the U.S. Embassy in Belarus.
Bermuda requires most travelers age 10 and up to provide proof of a negative PCR test taken within five days of their flight. In addition, mandatory Covid-19 tests are given at the airport, and travelers must quarantine while awaiting the results. Additional tests are given on days four, eight and 14 of a traveler’s stay. A $75 fee covers their cost. Children age 9 and younger don’t have to take virus tests, but must pay a $30 fee.
One to three days before their flight to Bermuda, all travelers must complete an online travel authorization form that contains their test results. Upon arrival, returning residents and visitors will be given a choice of wearing a Traveller Wristband for 14 days, or quarantining at their accommodation for that time frame. They also must take and record their temperature with their own thermometer twice a day for the first 14 days of their visit and report it online.
Americans may enter with proof of a negative PCR test taken no more than 72 hours before departure. Those who arrive with symptoms or without a test will have to quarantine at their own expense for 14 days in a government-approved hotel or facility, with an additional test taken on day 10. Additional tests may be required for interstate travel, based on regional requirements. To leave the country, travelers must present a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours of their scheduled departure.
Passengers over age 2 arriving by air must have proof of a negative RT-PCR test taken within 72 hours before their flight and fill out a Traveler Health Declaration. (Children under age 12 are exempt from the testing requirement if all their travel companions tested negative.)Those arriving on land must have authorization from the Federal Police and a note from the U.S. Embassy or consulate and proof of a plane ticket home. Once approved to enter, they must go directly to the airport. The U.S. State Department has issued a Level 4 advisory, its highest, for Brazil, cautioning Americans not to travel to the country.
Travelers must have a negative RT-PCR Covid-19 test taken in the five days before arrival; another test will be given upon landing at Terrance B. Lettsome International Airport. Visitors must wear a wristband monitoring device and take approved transportation to their accommodations where they will quarantine for four days. At that time, another RT-PCR test will be administered, and, if it’s negative, the quarantine is over. A $175 fee covers the cost of testing and monitoring. Proof of travel insurance with comprehensive medical coverage is required. A Traveler Authorization Certificate must be submitted 24 hours before the trip. Marine traffic involving international visitors is banned until Jan. 21.
Visitors must present a negative Covid-19 PCR test in English or French upon arrival in Ouagadougou that is no more than five days old. Those arriving without a test will be given a rapid test at the airport at a cost of $155 and will be detained until results are available. A negative PCR test dated within five days is also required to depart from the airport.
Americans must quarantine for 14 days upon arrival. The country is under a Level 4, Do Not Travel, advisory from the U.S. State Department.
Americans are allowed to enter with proof of a negative Covid-19 test taken within 96 hours of their flight departure. For those allowed to travel without the documentation, Colombia will require testing and possibly isolation upon arrival. There are no quarantine requirements for those with the pre-test. All passengers must complete an immigration form, according to the U.S. Embassy in Colombia.
The country is open to all U.S. citizens with no testing and no quarantine mandate, however insurance that includes at least $50,000 coverage for medical issues related to the coronavirus is required. There also must be an addition $2,000 coverage for expenses due to pandemic illness or trip interruption or cancellation due to illness. A digital Health Pass must be completed before boarding a flight to Costa Rica.
U.S. citizens are allowed to enter and leave by air with a negative Covid-19 PCR test dated within seven days of arrival and departure. Those arriving or transiting in the Félix Houphouët-Boigny International Airport are required to fill out an Air Travel Declaration Form and pay the fees online.
Travelers age 11 and older must arrive with proof of a negative coronavirus test taken within seven days of their departure. Another test will be given at the airport for $45, and people must self-quarantine until they receive a negative test result, generally within 24 hours.
Passengers must register at inrbcovid.com before starting their travels. Proof of health and medical evacuation insurance is also required.
To exit the country, travelers must present a negative Covid-19 test result from an approved facility taken within three days of planned departure, according to the U.S. Embassy in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The cost of the test is $30.
Because the United States is considered a high-risk country, travelers need to fill out an online health questionnaire and, before boarding their planes, show proof of a negative PCR test taken 24 to 72 hours before arrival. They also need to show notification of health clearance to travel.
Upon landing, travelers will be given a rapid Covid-19 test. If it is positive, they will be given a PCR test and must await the results in a government-approved facility. If the test is negative, they must still quarantine for five days in an approved facility at their own expense. Visitors who don’t quarantine at a government facility must show proof of a booking at a Safe in Nature certified accommodation, where they may be allowed to engage in some activities. At the end of the five days, another test will be given, and if negative, the visitor is cleared.
Aruba is open to all U.S. residents, with a requirement that those age 15 and older have a Covid-19 test taken 12 to 72 hours before departure, or pay $75 to have a PCR test taken at the airport upon landing. Those who take the test in Aruba must wait at their lodgings for the results, generally available within a day. All visitors must complete an Embarkation/Disembarkation card. Mandatory insurance is also required.
Bonaire: Travelers age 13 and older must have a negative PCR test taken in the 72 hours before traveling. Passengers are required to complete a health declaration form 48 to 72 hours before departure.
Curaçao is open to travelers from the United States who, if over age 6, have a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours of departure. Travelers must complete an online immigration card and a Health Department passenger locator card before travel. Insurance is required.
Saba is closed to those who have been in the United States within the previous 14 days; however, an exemption may be requested from the government. When it is granted, a negative coronavirus test taken no more than 120 hours before departure for international travelers (72 hours for those from the region) is required. Also mandated is a two-week quarantine in a person’s hotel room, and an additional PCR test will be taken on day 10 or 11.
St. Eustatius is closed to residents of high-risk areas like the United States.
Authorities randomly administer a quick breath test to between 3 and 15 percent of arriving passengers over age 5 and to those who show symptoms. Until the end of January, visitors must either fill out a Traveler Health Affidavit or a digital “eticket” that combines a Traveler’s Health Affidavit, the Customs Declaration and Embarkation/Disembarkation forms. After that, only digital forms will be accepted. Free emergency travel assistance to visitors arriving by air on or before March 31 is being provided by the government as long as the visitor stays at a hotel.
Americans are allowed to enter, but adults must have proof of a negative PCR test taken no more than 10 days before entry. Random rapid antigen testing may be conducted at the airport. Travelers without the test must take a PCR or rapid antigen test at their own expense upon arrival and proceed immediately to quarantine for 10 days at a government approved accommodation. Even if the result comes back negative, five days of isolation is required.
Those visiting the Galápagos Islands should arrive in Ecuador with proof of a negative PCR test taken no more than 96 hours before arrival in the Galápagos. (This can be the same test as the test used to get into Ecuador, assuming it was taken within 96 hours of arrival to the Galápagos.) If the time frame doesn’t fit, the traveler will need to take a second test in Ecuador at their own expense and wait at their lodgings for the results.
Americans over age 6 are allowed to enter with written proof of a negative Covid-19 test taken within 96 hours of arrival. Proof of health insurance is required, according to the U.S. Embassy in Egypt. Travelers to Sharm el Sheikh are allowed to arrive without a PCR test, but they must be tested upon arrival and quarantine until a negative test result is received.
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U.S. citizens over age 10 must have proof of a negative PCR test taken within five days of arrival, and if asymptomatic, must then self-quarantine for seven days. Those with symptoms will be taken to an isolation center.
The U.S. State Department has issued its highest travel advisory — Level 4, Do Not Travel — for the French West Indies because of health and safety concerns, including Covid-19.
St. Barts requires visitors age 11 and older to show a negative test taken within 72 hours of arrival and to sign a sworn statement that they have no symptoms and haven’t been in contact with a confirmed coronavirus case in the previous 14 days. Those without a test result will be denied boarding. Visitors staying longer than a week must take an additional test at a cost of about $155 on the eighth day of their trips.
French St. Martin is open with restrictions that differ depending upon the arrival airport. A negative PCR test taken within the previous 10 days is required for those over age 10 coming from the United States to Princess Juliana Airport. Those flying into Grand Case L’Esperance Airport must have taken the test within 72 hours of their departure. An online health authorization must also be completed and symptoms and temperature must be monitored for 14 days.
Guadeloupe and Martinique are currently not allowing visitors from the United States.
Travelers to French Polynesia, including the islands of Tahiti and Bora Bora, must show proof of a negative PCR test taken within the previous 72 hours in order to board their flights if they are age 6 or older. Those arriving at the airport will be given a test kit for the virus that contains an oral and nasal swab, and on the fourth day in the islands, the visitor must complete the self-test. Tourists must also complete an electronic entry form attesting that they have travel insurance that would cover coronavirus expenses, or agreeing to personally assume all costs.
All visitors must quarantine at a government facility at no charge for 14 days. Alternatively, they may quarantine at the government facility for six days, and then take a Covid-19 test. If it’s negative, the visitor can transfer to a hotel or home to complete the remainder of their quarantine. A traveler health form must also be completed.
Failure to follow guidelines carries a possible fine of up to $1,000 and a year in prison.
Visitors age 10 and over need a negative Covid-19 PCR or an antigen test in the 96 hours before arrival. A Health Pass must also be completed.
Visitors over age 2 must have a negative coronavirus PCR test with results in English that is no more than a week old in order to board their flight. However, if the results are more than 72 hours old, passenger age 13 and older must pay about $85 and be re-tested at the airport in Guyana, then wait at their hotel for the results, generally available within six hours.
They also must complete a passenger locator form at least 24 hours before arrival. Curfews are in effect.
U.S. citizens can enter with proof of a negative Covid-19 test and a quarantine period of up to 14 days. Travelers must complete the immigration pre-check form and keep a copy of the confirmation email they receive with them. There are curfews and restrictions on interstate or intercity travel.
Authorities are asking nonessential travelers not to visit the Republic of Ireland. Visitors from the United States must complete a public health Passenger Locator Form and self-quarantine for 14 days. Northern Ireland also has a mandatory two-week quarantine for those coming from the United States
Tourists age 12 and older arriving from the United States must upload a negative PCR or antigen test that was taken at an accredited facility within 10 days of their arrival date. All passengers must complete a Travel Authorization screening form that should be submitted for approval up to five days before travel.
Those staying within the “resilient corridor,” where operators have been trained in Covid-19 protocols, may leave the property to visit coronavirus-compliant attractions within the corridor, via approved transportation. Those who aren’t staying within the resilient corridor must quarantine for 14 days.
Asymptomatic visitors to Kenya from the United States who have proof of a negative Covid-19 test within the previous four days do not need to quarantine for 14 days unless they are from California, Florida or Texas.
Americans are allowed to enter, but must have negative results of a PCR test taken within the previous 72 hours. Those without the test results who are allowed to enter must self-isolate for a week. The U.S. State Department has issued its highest alert, a Level 4, Do Not Travel advisory, for Kosovo.
Americans are allowed to enter, but those over age 12 must have proof of a negative PCR test taken in the previous 96 hours. Another $50 test is required within 72 hours of arrival, or alternatively, the traveler may quarantine for 10 days. A medical form must be completed before travel. Curfews are in effect.
Visitors over 1 year of age must have proof of a negative PCR test taken not more than 96 hours before the flight. Tourists must submit an online Health Declaration Form within 24 hours of departure. A confirmed booking with a registered tourist property is required.
Travelers must present a negative Covid-19 test result dated within seven days of arrival. Anyone without the required documentation and those suspected of having the virus will be tested at the airport and their travel documents will be retained while they quarantine pending a negative result.
The United States is not on the list of green countries for travel to Malta, however, anyone can enter the country if they first spend 14 days in an approved country, such as Turkey or the United Arab Emirates.
Land crossings between the United States and Mexico remain closed until at least Feb. 21. U.S. visitors can arrive by plane. Tourists may be subject to temperature checks and other health screenings, and those showing symptoms may subject to quarantine. There may be restrictions on interstate or intercity travel, as well as curfews.
Americans are allowed to enter. No coronavirus test is needed and there are no quarantine requirements, according to the U.S. Embassy in Montenegro. A curfew is in effect.
American tourists are allowed to enter with a negative PCR test taken within seven days before their flights. Anyone arriving with an older test will be placed in quarantine and tested at their own cost until a negative result is obtained. Children under 5 do not need a test. Violators face a possible $135 fine. Curfews are in effect.
General tourism has not resumed, but trekkers and mountaineers with a visa may visit if they have a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours of arrival; a hotel where they must quarantine for at least seven days; and $5,000 in insurance for coronavirus-related treatment. Tourists must take another virus test, at their own expense, on the fifth day of their quarantine.
Americans are allowed to enter with a negative Covid-19 test result, according to the U.S. Embassy. Aviana Airlines, one of the carriers to the country, reports that it must be a PCR test taken in the 72 hours before arrival. In addition to showing the original result to board the flight, the airline says that it must also be submitted to the carrier electronically at least 36 hours before departure so it can be sent for approval to the Ministry of Health.
Passengers must show a certificate of a negative Covid-19 test result taken within 72 hours of arrival in order to board a flight to the country. Travelers staying for more than two weeks must quarantine for the first week and then get another virus test at no cost. Land borders are closed.
Americans age 10 and over must have a negative PCR test taken in the 96 hours before travel, and must pay for another test that will be done in Nigeria a week after arrival. Visitors must self-isolate until a negative result for the second test has been received. All visitors must register at the Nigeria International Travel Portal in order to board their flight. Curfews are in effect.
North Macedonia is open to Americans with no testing or quarantine restrictions, according to the U.S. Embassy in North Macedonia. A nationwide state of crisis is in effect through June 30. Among other things, it bans groups of more than four people in public places and sets a $600 fine for violations.
Passengers must complete an electronic affidavit before checking in for their flight, and be able to present a negative Covid-19 test result upon landing. If the test result is more than 48 hours old, or if the traveler doesn’t have a test result, a rapid Covid-19 test will be performed at the airport, at a cost of $50.
If the rapid test result is positive, the Panamanian government will arrange and pay for a hotel stay for a mandatory seven-day quarantine, at which time the visitor will be retested.
Peru is allowing Americans to enter with proof of a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours of departure, according to PromPeru, the country’s tourism agency. All travelers to the country must quarantine for 14 days, according to the U.S. Embassy. Due to the new, more contagious variant of Covid-19, flights longer than eight hours are suspended until Jan. 20. A national State of Emergency is in effect until March 7. It establishes a curfew and bans all social gatherings.
Visitors must have a negative PCR test 72 hours before travel, have an existing accommodation reservation at an approved hotel, and complete an entry form. For the first week, travelers must stay at their hotel, but may move about the property. On the seventh day, they must undergo another coronavirus test for $150. If negative, some excursions will be allowed. Those planning longer stays will receive another $150 test on day 14, and if they are healthy, they may move freely.
The country also has testing requirements for leaving. Travelers staying seven nights or less are required to take a PCR test at their hotel 72 hours before their planned departure. If it’s positive, the traveler must stay in isolation at their hotel at their own cost.
Those age 5 and older must email proof of a negative PCR test taken within the past seven days. They also need confirmed reservations at a certified accommodation provider, quarantine facility or verification that they plan to stay on a boat during their visit. Travelers must take a printed copy of their test results, the automatic-response email they will receive, and the travel authorization letter they will also receive. A completed travel registration form must be submitted at least three days before departure.
Visitors must take a certified taxi from the airport to their accommodations, and are required to remain on the grounds for 14 days except for transfers to another such property, or to participate in certain approved activities. After two weeks, people may travel freely.
Visitors from the United States must have a pre-arrival travel form completed and show a negative PCR test for the virus taken within the previous three days. Another test may be given upon arrival.
Travelers also must have proof of 14 nights of paid accommodation at an approved hotel, arrive there in approved transportation, and must quarantine for 14 days. Another test must be done between day four and day seven of quarantine and come back negative. At the discretion of health officials, visitors may be monitored for nine to 16 days.
All travelers must track their temperature for 10 and report any changes to health authorities. In-transit passengers must have proof of a negative test taken with 72 hours of travel and must stay at the airport or at a government-approved hotel while awaiting their connection.
Travelers over age 2 must have proof of a negative Covid-19 PCR test taken in the five days before arrival in order to board their flight to Senegal. All travelers must complete a traveler location form. Curfews are in effect.
Serbia is open to Americans with no testing or quarantine restrictions, according to the U.S. Embassy in Serbia.
Travelers must present a negative Covid-19 test result taken within 72 hours before departure. Those without a test must quarantine at their own cost. Curfews are in place.
Proof of a negative PCR test taken within the previous 72 hours is required to board a flight, and upon landing, passengers must submit the test result on an original form to quarantine authorities. A 14-day quarantine is also required, generally at a government-designated facility that costs about $100 to $150 per might. During that time, visitors must self-monitor and answer daily questions on a Self-Diagnosis Mobile App. The quarantine must be completed before boarding a connecting flight within the country.
Passengers arriving on an international flight to Tanzania must complete a Health Surveillance Form and undergo screening, including a possible Covid-19 test.
All passengers must have proof of a negative Covid-19 PCR test taken within five days of traveling in order to board their flight. The results should also be uploaded to a traveler declaration form, where a $75 payment is also made for a second PCR test given upon arrival at Lomé Airport. Visitors need to download and activate a Togo Safe app before leaving the airport in order to avoid quarantine, although they are required to self-isolate until they receive a negative result from their second virus test. Exit testing is required 72 hours in advance of the departing flight.
A negative PCR test taken within 72 hours of arrival is required for visitors, as well as a 14-day self-quarantine. Travelers can shorten the quarantine by paying for a PCR test on the seventh day and if the result is negative, they are free to leave.
The U.S. Embassy in Tunisia cautions that the Tunisian Ministries of Health and Interior will determine if individual travelers will be permitted to enter the country, and that it cannot intervene.
Americans age 6 and older must show proof of a negative PCR test within 72 hours of check-in for their flight or they will be denied boarding. A strict nationwide curfew limits the movements of locals, but tourists are exempt.
The Turks and Caicos Islands is requiring a negative PCR test result taken within five days of travel for anyone over age 10. Visitors also must have insurance that covers any Covid-19 related medical costs. A Travel Authorization Form that will ask health questions must be completed by all passengers before boarding a plane to the islands.
Tourists may visit with a negative PCR test taken no more than 120 hours before their flight into the country. The government also requires departing passengers to present a negative test taken not more than 120 hours before they are scheduled to leave the country.
Travelers over age 12 must have proof of a negative coronavirus PCR test taken within 96 hours of their flight in order to board a commercial aircraft to the country. Entry restrictions may include a PCR test upon arrival, and a mandatory quarantine period, usually 10 days, follows by another test.
Visitors can travel to Abu Dhabi by road, but must present a negative result from a test taken in the previous 72 hours. Those staying for more than six consecutive days or more are required to take an additional PCR test on the sixth day, and those staying longer than 12 days must take another test on the 12th day. Travelers arriving in Abu Dhabi from the United States are required to wear a GPS bracelet for 10 days. Those who don’t comply may be fined.
International health insurance is also required. Those who don’t follow the rules may be fined more than $27,000
Anyone arriving from the United States must be prepared to isolate for 10 days, or face a penalty of up to $1,250. A passenger locator card must be filled out before arrival. Passengers transiting in an airport are exempt, as are those going directly from one port to another; for instance, from Heathrow to Eurostar. In order to fly back to the United States, air passengers must show proof of a negative PCR test taken in the previous 72 hours or they will be denied boarding.
Visitors to Zambia must show results of a negative PCR test taken in the seven days before travel to bypass a 14-day quarantine. Some airlines require the test to be done within 72 hours in order to board the aircraft.
People entering Zimbabwe must have received a negative Covid-19 test result in the 48 hours before arrival. There is no option for tourists to be tested upon arrival. Curfews and travel restrictions are in effect.
Follow Karen Schwartz on Twitter: @WanderWomanIsMe
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