Wall Street bank chiefs will tout the role their institutions have played in getting the pandemic-hit U.S. economy back on track when they appear before Congress this week, but they are likely to face tough questions on hot-button social and economic issues.
The Senate Banking and House of Representatives Financial Services committees will hear from the chief executives of JPMorgan Chase & Co, Bank of America Corp, Citigroup Inc, Wells Fargo & Co, Goldman Sachs Group and Morgan Stanley on Wednesday and Thursday, respectively.
Wednesday’s hearing is the first time the CEOs of the nation’s largest banks have testified before the Senate Banking Committee since the aftermath of the 2008 financial crisis. Democratic gains in the 2020 election handed control of that panel to Senator Sherrod Brown, a fierce Wall Street critic.
While the hearings are unlikely to result in policy proposals, they are politically risky for the CEOs as scrutiny of their industry grows in Washington under Democratic leadership.
They are likely to be grilled on a raft of issues including economic inequality, fair lending, diversity, racial justice, climate change, cryptocurrencies and tax policies.
“We expect these hearings to be disjointed and nebulous, but they will be must-watch television, nonetheless,” Isaac Boltansky, a director at Compass Point Research & Trading, wrote in a note.
The banking industry’s image has improved in Washington since the financial crisis a decade ago and big banks believe they have a good story to tell after getting $69-billion of COVID-19 aid into the hands of 850,000 struggling small businesses.
“The nation’s largest banks have shown that in the face of a real-life stress test, they could provide essential support to small businesses, households, and large employers, while at the same time remaining safe and strong,” said Kevin Fromer, CEO of the Financial Services Forum, which represents the largest eight U.S. banks and their CEOs.
The CEOs are also likely to extol their banks’ efforts to promote diversity and inclusion both externally and internally. In that regard, Wednesday will mark a watershed for the industry with Citigroup’s Jane Fraser, the first female CEO of a Wall Street bank, making her Capitol Hill debut.
She will appear alongside JPMorgan’s Jamie Dimon, Morgan Stanley’s James Gorman, Well Fargo’s Charles Scharf, Bank of America’s Brian Moynihan and Goldman Sachs’ David Solomon.
“Diversity, equity, inclusion – these banks have a great story to tell on these issues,” said Richard Hunt, chief executive of the Consumer Bankers Association.
“They have many initiatives to continue to identify and promote people of colour and people from diverse backgrounds and this is an opportunity to tell lawmakers about those programs.”
Still, the executives are likely to get heat from some lawmakers, particularly progressives who want them to do more to tackle wealth inequality, racial injustice and climate change.
The legislators are also likely to seek answers from the CEOs on evidence flagged by congressional reports that lenders discriminated against some borrowers when distributing pandemic aid, and whether Wall Street’s wealthy pay enough taxes.
Republicans, on the other hand, are angry at what they see as Wall Street’s liberal leanings and will likely criticize the CEOs for trying to drive social policies by curtailing credit for sectors such as gunmakers, private prisons and oil and gas.
“Banks influencing elements of social policy … presents a perilous political dynamic as attempts to placate the left will undoubtedly frustrate their historic allies on the right,” wrote Boltansky.